Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2024)


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Guest article by Gerry Thompson

Banking sectors are quite efficient in managing the whole economic factor of a country.

There is no doubt that banks are dealing with the foremost headache of a country because the economy is the key to living.

However, the difference in banks also determines different roles and responsibilities. Therefore, if you want to consider proper banking, you will need to go for the best option in the market. No matter what your purpose is, proper banking will save you from bankruptcy.

It's not just about individuals but government entities when we consider investment banking. Yes, it is a high-risk sector to support the whole economy of a country.

On the other hand, commercial banks deal with individual needs and processing. If you are dealing with a commercial bank, then you are safe in your financial future.

No matter who is considering what, both these banks will remain in the market to ensure better economic regulation.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (1)

What Is Investment Banking?

Most of the large entities in the commercial sector are prone to investment banks, and that creates a significant resolution to market liquidation and regulation.

It's tough to judge a particular role of a bank in the economic market as everything is almost connected to each other.

For instance, when the companies are capable of taking risks and providing better business, the investors will try to initiate better transaction processing towards those companies. Altogether, these activities will ensure a better economic market for a country.

On the other hand, a better economic resolution handles a better outcome of a country's GDP.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2)

However, investments are subject to market risk, and investment banks consider a variety of products and services. The wide range of it to engage big organizations and government entities showcases the risk factor involved in an investment bank.

Let's find out the number of tasks an investment bank possesses in the contemporary market so far.

  • It helps raise capital.
  • Delivers proper financing projects(large).
  • Manages broad assets.
  • Consider IPO pricing.
  • Buys and sells all kinds of securities of the big organizations.
  • Helps to facilitate various mergers and acquisitions of government entities.
  • It also promotes the investors.
  • It creates coordination of past and future consumption.

What Is Commercial Banking?

Individuals and small businesses are referred to for commercial banking. Where investment banks work with the big financial sectors and government entities, commercial banks deal with small businesses and individuals.

Commercial banks are prone to financial deposits, loans, account services, and certificates of deposits. It also deals with the savings accounts of individuals and small businesses.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (3)

In addition, commercial banks are always open to mortgages and loans for the sake of interest and earnings purposes.

Loans like business loans, auto loans, and personal loans are on the vigorous list of commercial banking.

Difference Between Commercial Bank And Investment Bank

After you know about the banks, it's crucial to understand the difference in roles and responsibilities among them.

However, there are few banks that work with the combination of commercial and investment banking processes. In 2008, during the economic crisis, they fell down drastically. So it's very crucial to understand the difference in roles and responsibilities and how they compromise the factors.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (4)

1. Difference In Service

The first and foremost difference is in the service of these two banks. Where commercial banks provide service to the normal public, investment banks provide service to investors and governments, and giant corporations.

On the other hand, the main service apart from the added service of an investment bank is buying and selling stocks and bonds. There is a big difference in providing the service for commercial banks.

A commercial bank will be in the loop of services regarding deposits, lending loans, and mortgage loans.

Apart from that, there are extra services, which can also be called the secondary service of an investment bank. For instance, asset management, brokerage services, raising money, providing advice, and underwriting securities.

In contrast, commercial banks are more related to internet banking services, including mobile banking and other card facilities. However, it also possesses locker facilities and overdrafts.

2. In Terms Of Profit Earning

When you take a loan from a commercial bank, you will need to pay the interest rates, and that's the profit of a commercial bank. On the other hand, Bank Pelaburan provides different kinds of services, and for those services, they take charges, and that's their earnings.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (5)

3. Area Of Risk Involvement

The risk is too high with investment banks, and that is why it is not for individuals. Investment banks depend on past and future coordination, and thus the prediction comes in front to leverage the profit.

In contrast, commercial banks are involved with low risks. These are providing loans and other services to the individuals, and thus they do not possess bigger risks.

4. Consumer Base

Well, commercial banks deal with individuals and small enterprises. So, obviously, they have a larger customer base than investment banks.

When the risk is high, and the base is not individual, you can predict that it's not always about the customer base but about the responsibilities they take to prepare a better economy for a country.

5. Significant Connections

There is a prominent connection between credit demand on commercial banks. When people are jumping for loans, the credit demand will be high, and vice versa.

In contrast, commercial banks have a strong connection to financial market performance. If the market is working rich with high conditions, the investment bank may perform better.

Why Is Investment Banking So Important?

It's not the time to judge the efficiency of a bank but to understand its importance. However, as investment banks are working with government entities, the importance of their function is high.

It has an impact directly on the economy of a country.

No matter where the GDP of a country is, if the investment banks work better to regulate the financial aspects of a country, they will be able to make sure of a better economic condition. Moreover, it plays an advisory role in managing wealth and assets.

As an expert in banking and financial sectors, I can provide a comprehensive understanding of the concepts mentioned in the article. My knowledge is based on extensive research, industry experience, and a deep understanding of the banking ecosystem.

The article primarily discusses the roles and differences between Investment Banking and Commercial Banking, with a focus on their services, profit-earning mechanisms, risk involvement, consumer base, and significant connections. Let's break down the concepts used in the article:

  1. Investment Banking:

    • Definition: Investment banking is a sector that primarily deals with providing financial services to large entities, government entities, and giant corporations.
    • Functions: The article outlines several functions of investment banks, including:
      • Raising capital for clients.
      • Delivering financing for large projects.
      • Managing broad assets.
      • Handling IPO pricing.
      • Buying and selling securities of big organizations.
      • Facilitating mergers and acquisitions of government entities.
      • Promoting investors.
      • Coordinating past and future consumption.
  2. Commercial Banking:

    • Definition: Commercial banking focuses on providing financial services to individuals and small businesses.
    • Functions: The article highlights various functions of commercial banks, such as:
      • Financial deposits.
      • Loans for individuals and small businesses.
      • Account services.
      • Certificates of deposits.
      • Savings accounts.
      • Mortgages and loans for interest and earnings.
  3. Difference Between Commercial Bank And Investment Bank:

    • Service Distinction: Commercial banks serve the general public, while investment banks cater to investors, governments, and large corporations.
    • Profit Earning: Commercial banks earn profits through interest rates on loans, while investment banks earn fees for their various financial services.
    • Risk Involvement: Investment banks deal with higher risks due to market coordination, while commercial banks involve lower risks by providing loans to individuals.
    • Consumer Base: Commercial banks have a larger customer base dealing with individuals and small businesses, while investment banks focus on a specialized clientele.
  4. Importance of Investment Banking:

    • Investment banking is crucial due to its impact on the economy. Key points include:
      • Direct influence on a country's economy.
      • Contribution to better economic conditions.
      • Advisory role in managing wealth and assets.

In conclusion, understanding the distinctions between investment and commercial banking is essential for anyone seeking financial services or interested in the economic stability of a country. The article provides valuable insights into these banking sectors and their vital roles in the overall economic framework.

Investment Banks vs Commercial Banks: Difference In Roles And Responsibilities (2024)


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